India’s first built locomotive.


What is the first locomotive built by India?

In 1895, North Western Railway’s Ajmer workshop made history. They built the locomotive known as F-734 which was the first locally manufactured locomotive in India.

The F-734 was used on the Rajputana Malwa Railway, a 1000mm train line that linked Delhi to Ajmer and Ajmer to Indore and Ahmedabad. The Bombay Baroda & Central India Railway then took over the locomotive, where it carried passenger and freight traffic from Delhi to Indore and on to Ahmedabad.

Image source: Google Arts & Culture | India’s first indigenously built locomotive, F-734

F-734 design specifications

This locomotive has a unique design. It has an American-style cow catcher on the front, which is a sturdy metal frame that helps clear the way of obstacles as the train moves forward, and weighs 38 tons. It was the first locomotive built entirely from scratch. Its design was influenced by the Class F engines, which were produced in 1875 by Dubbs and Company in Glasgow, UK.

It weighed just 19 tons when in working order. The six-wheeled tender, a single wagon storing fuel (wood, coal, oil and water), added 13 tons to the weight.

Other details

The F-734 license plate represents them:


Image source: Google Arts & Culture

CMA-> Rajputana Malwa Railway

F-> This is the class of the locomotive

734-> this is the serial number of the locomotive

The F-734, built in 1895 by the Ajmer workshop of the North Western Railway, was one of the driving forces in launching the Indian locomotive industry into the future. He served the nation for 63 long years. However, as all good things must come to an end, the locomotive was withdrawn from service in 1958.

The locomotive now sits in all its splendor and glory in the National Rail Museum in New Delhi after being restored.


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